FRIN TRAINING

WOOD ANATOMY

S/N Course Goals & Objectives Fee Duration & Date
1 Wood Quality 1. To provide training on macroscopic and microscopie levels of wood anatomy
2.To acquire comprehemsive knowledge and skill applicable to identification of wood samples
3.To provide training on wood diagnosis
N35,000 6 Months
2 Quantitative Wood Anatomy 1. To train participants in the area of wood micrometry
2. To provide trainings on apllication of quantitative analysis in timber quality
N25,000 6 Months

The use into which any piece of wood can be put in strongly influenced by the arrangement, distribution and sizes of the wood cells.
Xylem(wood) inherent factors pecuiliar to every wood species determine its utilization. the inherent properties can be determined through some processes using some reagents and tools(e.g sliding microtome). such stages processes range from gross examination, maceration, sectioning to micrometry.
Data analysis of measure cells on the microscope often gires an idea of cell sizes.

Ofcourse to ensure adequate results in the laboratory some safety rules and regulations are strictly adhered to; maintenance of tools and equipment include wearing of safety gadgets are often enforced

WOOD RECONSTITUTED SECTION

S/N Course Goals & Objectives Fee Duration & Date
1 Ceiling Board Production 1. Training on the production process of ceiling board with the use of wood waste and cements N20,000 1-3 Months
2 Wall and floor tiles 1. Training on the production of wood residue wall and floor tiles N30,000 2-4 Months
3 Building blocks 1. Training on the production of sawdust building block N15,000 1-2 Months
4 Bio polymer (a). Training on the processing and utilization of waste nylon and related items.
(b) Training on the production of Bio-polypast
N30,000 3-6 Months

BAMBOO & RATTON SECTION

S/N Course Goals & Objectives Fee Duration & Date
1 Safety and health measures for handling machines and equipments for Bamboo utilization 1. Training on health and safety measures to take before and when operating macj#hines and some other equipments during bamboo utilization N15,000 1 Month
2 Tools and machines used for bamboo processing 1. Training on the types of machines and tools used for bamboo processing and their functions N15,000 1 Month
3 Introduction to bamboo 1. Lecture on bamboodistribution, description, use, anatomy, physical properties, mechanical properties, durability, types etc N15,000 1 Month
4 Sustainable Utilization of Bamboo (a). Training on the processing and conversion of bamboo into boards(Bamboo glu-tan).
(b) Production of sourviners(spoons, penholders, key holderscups, wallclocks, etc) using bamboo/ bamboo glu-lan
(c) Production of furniture items(tables, chairs, beds, stools, suit hangers, photo frames etc) using bamboo/ bamboo glu-lam
N40,000 3-6 Months
5 Effective Preservation of Bamboo (a). Training on the effective methods of preserving bamboo.
(b) Training on synthetic and non-synthetic preservatives used for bamboo preservation
(c) Design and construction of bamboo for building houses, charlets, huts etc
N40,000 6 Months
6 Green Building(lowcost houses) using Bamboo. (a). Training on the use of bamboo for building houses, charlets, huts etc N40,000 6 Months

BIO-ENERGY SECTION

S/N Course Goals & Objectives Fee Duration & Date
1 Briquett Production 1. Training on production of cooking briquette from biomass (wood waste) N40,000 3-4 weeks
2 Wood gas/Bio gas production (1)Training on the role of organic wastes in providing alternative energy(for cooking / electricity).(2)Training on how to identify substrates and technologies for bio gas production.
(3) Training on how to apply the technical knowledge acquired to set-up and diagnose bio gas system.
(4) Understand the connectivity between sustainable bio energy systems and improved agricultural yield
N40,000 1-2 Weeks

BIO-ENERGY

is the renewable energy made available from materials derived from biological sources or bioMass.This can be from plants or wood waste. The sources of bio-energy are Briquett production, wood gas and bio gas

BRIQUETT

is a compressed bloack of coal dust or saw dust or other combustible biomass material such as charcoal, sawdust, wood chips, or paper used for fuel and kindling to start a fire. The types of briquette are carbonized and the uncarbonised briquette

BIO-GAS

refers to the mixture of different gases produced by the breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. such as domestic waste.

WOOD GAS

is a syngas fuel which can be used as a fuel for furnances, stoves and vehincles in place of gasoline, diesel or other fuels.

BRIEF OVERVIEW OF MUSHROOM CULTIVATION TECHNIQUES

Mushrooms are fruiting bodies of some fungi which are either edible or non-edible. They contain essential amino acids and are low in fat. Mushrooms have been used in the treatment of cancer, heart diseases and enhance the immune system. Edible mushroom cultivation techniques involve use of agricultural wastes such as sawdust, corn cobs, rice husk and palm kernel shaft etc. Steps involved in mushroom cultivation include:

• SUBSTRATE PREPARATION: Composting- involves the addition of a nitrogen source and a conditioner to the substrate, thereafter mixed with adequate quantity of water. The materials in the substrate are allowed to break down (ferment) making the substrate suitable for the growth of mushrooms. This procedure is done on a concrete slab (wharf). The length of composting is dependent on the available substrate. For example, sawdust composting takes a month with periodic turning at 5 days interval to aerate the substrate. After composting, substrate can be dried for further use.In addition, the substrate can be used fresh without composting. Mixing and bagging- Dried composted substrate is mixed with a nitrogen source, conditioner and adequate quantity of water then filled into polyethylene bags before pasteurization /sterilization.
• SUBSTRATE INOCULATION: introduction of spawn (mushroom mycelium growing on sterilised grain)to sterilised or pasteurised substrate. This is done in a clean environment to avoid contamination.
• SUBSTRATE INCUBATION: spawn run period which is done in a dark room. This takes between 2-4 weeks.
• FRUITING: fully grown bags are opened, placed in a humidified environment and fruiting commences with formation of pin heads till the mushrooms are fully grown and ready for harvest. Mushroom cultivation involves low level techniques that are affordable for all class of interested individuals and it is an avenue for generation of alternative source of incomeand amelioration of the environment.