Brief information about the Outstation
The Rainforest Research Station (RFRS) is located in Ore, Ondo State. Hitherto, FRIN has maintained a field laboratory called Ore field station in this location since 1966, where artificial regeneration trials of both indigenous and exotic species were carried out; with planting stock supplied from headquarters. In August 2011, this erstwhile field station was upgraded to the status of a research station and saddled with the responsibility of investigating and finding solutions to the challenges associated with forests, forestry practice, and sustainable forestry development in the rainforest ecological zone of the country.
- Plantation development and management techniques for threatened indigenous timber and other multipurpose tree species (MPTS) for sustainable wood supply and effective environmental management in the rainforest zone.
- Silvicultural requirements of selected indigenous forest fruit trees of the rainforest ecosystem; for establishment in plantations and orchards.
- Development of appropriate agroforestry technologies suitable for adoption by the host communities.
- Additionally the station is responsible for the protection and maintenance of the Institute’s In-situ biodiversity conservation research plots in Ondo state viz: - Natural Regeneration Investigation Plot No 001 - Permanent Sample Plot No 29 - Strict Nature Reserve No 2 (Queens plot)
- Mass seedling production of forest and other multipurpose tree species for reforestation, environmental protection and distribution to the public.
Apart from the general mandate stated above, the station is mandated to conduct research into:
RESEARCH BREAK THROUGH
Appropriate nursery and plantation establishment techniques have been developed for several indigenous hardwoods and other MPT species. Thus, plantations of selected indigenous timber and other multipurpose tree species have been established. These are being maintained in collaboration with farmers in the station’s previously exploited sites.
Appropriate and effective protocols for breaking dormancy have been developed for seeds of threatened indigenous timber species like Cordia millenii and Diospyros mespiliformis to enhance rapid seed germination and uniform seedling production for plantation establishment. Seedlings of Garcinia kola can now be readily produced, following the reduction in seed dormancy from 18 months to 6 weeks.
Granite rock dust has been found to be an appropriate soil amendment suitable for boosting the juvenile growth performance of Garcinia kola seedlings at the nursery stage. Application of Granite rock dust would definitely lead to a reduction in the length of time spent by the seedlings to become fully matured and attain plantable size in the nursery before being moved to the field.
Investigations has confirmed Diospyros mespiliformis (Ebony) to be a slow growing plant, thus requiring intensive tending and other relevant cultural treatments to boost and hasten its growth and development on the field; if it is intended to be promoted as a potential plantation crop.
Established demonstration plots of Irvingia wombulu and Irvingia gabonensis - fruit trees facing danger of extinction with a view to developing appropriate silvicultural and management practices required for their establishment in plantations\orchards in order to promote food security.
Demonstrated the suitability of Moringa oleifera and Gliricidia sepium fresh leaves as mulch for enhanced growth and yield of maize crop. This confirms the usefulness of these plants as green manure for low input farming systems where the concerns over adverse effects of using inorganic fertilizers can be overcome.
A pilot plantation / research farm of Garcinia kola has been cultivated. This is intended to be a demonstration plot for domestication and ex-situ conservation of the plant, as well as to provide a mother block for future propagation and tree improvement protocols.
Enrichment planting techniques was introduced for the regeneration of degraded portions of the biodiversity conservation plot-PSP 29 Owena. This was done to promote rehabilitation of the disturbed portions of this In-situ biodiversity conservation research plot through incorporation of selected trees into existing ‘light gaps’ within the plot so as to reduce forest degradation and facilitate stabilization of the rainforest ecosystem.
Enlightenment programs on sustainable forest management practices are presently on-going in secondary schools and among other forest user groups within the host communities.
STATION’S IMPACT ON HOST COMMUNITY
Demonstrated the principle of multiple land use under Agroforestry through the development of Agroforestry technologies and establishment of model farms suitable for adoption.
Promotion of awareness on biodiversity conservation and sustainable forest management practices among forest user groups within the host communities.
Sale and distribution of improved quality seedlings, of indigenous timber and other multipurpose tree species for afforestation.
? Popularization of notable multipurpose tree species for integration into existing traditional farming systems e.g Moringa oleifera and Jatropha curcas.